Among the assumptions upon which the standards are built is the one that professional health staff will function as they have been trained when it comes to health-related interactions. Professional health staff should respond as they would in the community, even when the patient is an inmate and the setting is a correctional facility. Your response was not only professional but was likely to de-escalate the situation since you were backing off and allowing the patient space.
Of course, if an inmate is about to strike you, you are always justified in defending yourself. This is your right in the community or in a correctional facility.
— From CorrectCare Volume 17, Issue 3, Summer 2003